Diabetes mellitus is a common endocrine disease in dogs and cats. It occurs primarily due to secretory dysfunction of the pancreatic beta cell, and is associated with multiple risk factors, including genetic predisposition, physical inactivity, increased age and obesity. Cats appear to have a disease bearing similarities to type 2 diabetes in humans, resulting from beta cell dysfunction and peripheral insulin resistance. Current estimates suggest a prevalence of diabetes mellitus of between to Sparkes et al. However, this has been increasing with the rise in obesity in both species, with animals in excessive body condition almost four times more likely to have the disease Brito-Casillas et al. When well managed, the prognosis for affected individuals can be very good. Studies in cats have shown median survival times of between 13 and 29 months Sparkes et al.
Though there are some differing approaches for optimal nutrition in dogs with diabetes, the one strategy that is most agreed upon is to keep the diet consistent — use the same food, same treats, and feed and give insulin at the same time every day! Type 2 is much more common in people and is associated with obesity this is also the kind of diabetes that cats usually get and the body becoming resistant to the effects of insulin. Animals with Type 1 can no longer make insulin, often due to an auto-immune condition. Diet can play an important role in the management of both types of diabetes, but it should be used along with medical management and diet will never replace the need for insulin or other medications in diabetes for dogs or cats. The main nutrients to consider for diabetic dogs include water, calories, carbohydrates, and fiber. Many dogs with diabetes have increased thirst and increased urination, so fresh, clean water should be available at all times. If your dog has another disease such as heart disease or pancreatitis or has high levels of fat in his or her blood, other nutrients such as sodium or fat will also be important to consider. Some studies have shown benefits of increased dietary fiber for dogs with diabetes as well. Fiber can be useful in canine diabetes, however, there are various types of fiber which can have different properties and benefits.
I can use this to blackmail her when she is out of her teenage phase. Then I switched to a completely raw diet for the remainder of his life. Drowning or Near Drowning: First Aid. Inappropriate Elimination. Pain Medication in Horses. Luckily my veterinarian recommended healthy options for dogs like me.